Dec
19

Client performers 2 sets of 12 repetitions. Most back strengthening exercises focus on the core muscles, including the abdominal, gluteus, and hip muscles, in addition to muscles surrounding the spine. Back extensor muscles are the main supportive muscles, which extend the spine and maintain the posture. Resistance band pull apart. Erector Spinae: An extensor muscle which helps hold up the spine, and gluteal muscles. These muscles are collectively known as the posterior chain. However, one study found that people who get into the habit of strengthening their back’s extensor muscles—large spine … How to know if you need to address the Back Extensors: Lower, middle or upper back pain This muscle runs superficially to the semispinalis capitis. To avoid false interpretations of the test results, it may be necessary to perform some preliminary tests. Attached to the back of the spine, these muscles allow us to stand and lift objects. Cervical Extensor Exercise Progressions. Stay up tp date with our latest news and products. This muscle runs the entire length of your back and originates at the spinous processes of T9-T12 and attach at T1-T2.    Get incredible deals for the holidays . Extensor muscles. History The back extensor muscle group contains the Longissimus, Iliocostalis, and Spinalis. Bridges work a person’s gluteus maximus, which is the large muscle of … Client actively extends cervical spine against trainer’s resistance, keeping occiput neutral. Place action hand on client’s posterior skull. Limited motion represents weakness of splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, longissimus cervicis and iliocostalis cervicis. Three types of back muscles that help spinal function are the: Cedars-Sinai has a range of comprehensive treatment options. It lies superficial to the transversospinales muscle group and deep to the intermediate group of back muscles (serratus posteriorsuperior and inferior). Straightening of the arm would require extension at the elbow joint. Prone, Extension and Rotation of Cervical Spine, Maintaining Neutral Position of Occiput (No Capital Extension): Lying prone with head off end of bench, client actively extends and rotates cervical spine while keeping chin neutral (no capital extension). Careers With the semispinalis cervicis, it has 2. Like the longissimus capitis, it has a greater lever arm when functioning unilaterally to bend laterally and rotate the cervical spine to the same side. Gently pull in the lower stomach muscles to activate the core muscles and protect the spine. Such overlay makes it important to recognize the functional similarities between these muscles when you evaluate ROM or recommend exercises. The adult vertebral column typically consists of 33 vertebrae arranged in five regions, which provide support and protection for the spinal cord. A large, complex group of muscles work together to support the trunk and hold the body upright. Copyright © 2020 IDEA Health & Fitness Association. The previous article examined the muscles that support the thoracic spine; this discussion covers the posterior muscles of the cervical spine. Bridges. They are also known as the sacrospinalis group of muscles. Press 6. Working unilaterally, the semispinalis capitis rotates the head to the opposite side while laterally bending to the same side. T1 – T6 Spinal Cord Injury. a greater lever arm when functioning unilaterally to bend laterally and rotate the head to the same side. © 2020 Cedars-Sinai. They include the large muscles in the lower back (erector spinae), which … Lying prone with head off the end of a bench, actively extend cervical spine and occiput, as trainer applies isometric resistance. The erector spinae are divided into three groups, from medial to lateral: People with this condition are more susceptible to developing small compression fractures within spinal bones. The cervical spine’s muscle functions are more intricate and delicate than those The goal of back strengthening exercise is to condition the muscles to better support the spine and withstand stress, which can lead to back and neck pain relief. For example, extension is produced by extending the flexed (bent) elbow. 12.1 Classification of spinal deformities (Modified from Itoi E.[24] with permission) 12.1.6 Kyphosis and Back Extensor Strength Spinal column is supported and moved with four major muscle groups including extensors, flexors, lateral flexors, and rotators [28]. Lying prone with head off end of bench, actively extend and rotate cervical spine and occiput as trainer applies isometric resistance. It lies in the groove to the side of the vertebral col… To decrease the potential for injury, be extremely conservative when using the joint range of motion (ROM) exam and suggested exercises. Terms & Conditions Limited motion represents weakness of splenius capitis, semispinalis capitis and longissimus capitis. The belief that pain and tightness in the low back is from weakness in the abdominal... Bird Dog. With the semispinalis cervicis, it has The core encompasses the rectus abdominis (six-pack muscle), the transverse abdominis (deep, stabilizing stomach muscles), the obliques (lateral bending and anti-bending muscles), the QL (works as a trunk stabilizer with and against the same side and opposing glute medius), and the spinal erectors (the muscles of the lower back). Client performs 6 repetitions, holding each for 6 seconds. This muscle draws the scapula superomedially, rotates the glenoid fossa of the … Extensor, Flexor and Oblique Muscles and Back Pain The extensor muscles are attached to back of the spine and enable standing and lifting objects. of other spinal muscles. With the splenius cervicis, it has an excellent lever arm for both cervical and capital extension. To understand the function of the muscles that stabilize the cervical spine and occiput, we must first look at the muscles’ anatomy and study their function in cervical and capital motion. The muscles are listed in order of emphasis with respect to the particular movement. Address the imbalance between the chest and upper back muscles. Cervical Extension—Manual Resistance: Emphasizes splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis and all cervical extensors. 1. This is the eighth in a series of articles that address how muscles work synergistically to create efficient movement at each joint. Erector spinae muscle (Musculus erector spinae) The erector spinae muscles comprise the intermediate layer of the deep (intrinsic) muscles of the back.They extend on either side of the vertebral column, between the base of the cranium superiorly and pelvis inferiorly. Place stabilizing hand on client’s forehead. 8. Client actively extends and rotates cervical spine aainst trainer’s resistance, keeping occiput neutral. 3. It is formed of 3 muscles and its fibers run more or less vertically throughout the lumbar, thoracic and cervical regions. In theory it is possible to have weakness of the upper cervical extensors. Event Coverage, Advertise with IDEA In humans, certain muscles of the hand and foot are named for this function. The extensor tendons connect the bones in the fingers to muscles in the back of … Award Recipients In general, the cervicis muscles regulate cervical extension; the capitis muscles regulate occipital extension. CAUTION! Levator scapulae extends from C1-C4 vertebrae to the medial border of scapula. Sorry, we couldn't find any posts. It has Capital Extension Isometrics With Rotation: Emphasizes opposite-side semispinalis capitis and same-side splenius capitis and longissimus capitis. Prone, Extension and Rotation of Cervical Spine With Capital Extension: Lying prone with head off end of bench, client actively extends and rotates head. This large muscle runs up the cervical spine and deep to the splenius cervicis. Inside IDEA With the splenius capitis, it has an excellent lever arm for cervical spinal extension. These muscles lie on either side of the vertebral columnspinous processes (the bony points up and down the middle of the back) and extend throughou… Capital Extension WithRotation—Manual Resistance: Emphasizes opposite-side semispinalis capitis and same-side splenius capitis and longissimus capitis. The movement is usually directed backward, with the notable exception of the knee joint. Apply knowledge of anatomy to the important movement concept of head-tail connectivity. Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Strengthening the Lumbar Spine Extensors Importance of the Lumbar Extensors. As with the muscles that extend the lumbar and thoracic spine, there is significant overlay between the muscles that extend the cervical spine and occiput. Whether anterior or posterior, if the muscle is located to the right side of the trunk, it can right laterally flex the trunk at the spinal joints and elevate the pelvis on the right side (and consequently depress the pelvis on the left side). Visit IDEA’s Holiday Gift Guide today. A great exercise to kick off your back workout, the resistance band pull … Shop now! The spine or vertebral column bears the weight of the head, neck, trunk and upper extremities. Client actively extends and rotates cervical spine and occiput against trainer’s resistance. It also contributes to rotation (twisting) of the spine away from the side of the body on which they are located. If during an assessment excessive anterior pelvic tilt, excessive lumbar spine lordosis, back or sacroiliac joint pain is found, these muscles should be addressed. Do not allow capital motion; keep emphasis on extension of cervical spine. If the head is tilted all the way back, the neck is said to be extended. Lying prone with head off the end of a bench, actively extend cervical spine, keeping chin neutral (no capital extension) as trainer applies isometric resistance. 7. Client performs 2 sets of 12 repetitions. Capital Extension Isometrics: Emphasizes semispinalis capitis, splenius capitis and longissimus capitis. You don't need expensive gym equipment to strengthen your back extensors. The erector spinae muscle, also known as sacrospinalis and extensor spinae in some texts is from the deep muscles of the back. Explore and learn about the muscles which flex the cervical spine with our 3D interactive … Cervical Extension With Rotation—Manual Resistance: Emphasizes opposite-side semispinalis cervicis and semispinalis capitis and same-side splenius cervicis, splenius capitis and longissimus cervicis. 4. 3. With the splenius capitis, it has an excellent lever arm for cervical spinal extension. The back extension works muscles in the head, neck, back, hips, and legs. Client actively extends cervical spine and occiput against trainer’s resistance, keeping occiput neutral. Name the primary functions of the spine muscles or muscle groups. Affecting about 10 million Americans, osteoporosis is a progressive disease that diminishes the quality of bones and joints, including ones that make up the various parts of the spine. Limited motion represents weakness of opposite-side semispinalis capitis and same-side semispinalis capitis and longissimus capitis. Performing isometrics at 15 degrees less than total ROM also provides a 15-degree carryover in isometric strength, which helps stabilize the cervical spine as the client moves into extreme ROM for extension and rotation. 8. 1. Cervical Extension Isometrics With Rotation: Emphasizes splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, longissimus cervicis and iliocostalis cervicis. 3. Extension usually results in straightening of the bones or body surfaces involved. This large muscle runs up the cervical spine and deep to the splenius capitis. Lie prone with head off end of bench and cervical spine and occiput flexed. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris – full wrist extension with adduction and abduction. Working unilaterally, the semispinalis cervicis creates rotation of the cervical spine to the opposite side while laterally bending to the same side. Shoulders must remain flat, and motion must be achieved only through cervical spine and occiput. With the semispinalis capitis, it also helps extend the cervical spine and maintain cervical lordosis. CAUTION! Unlock the latest industry research, tools and exclusive offers. Contact Us Additional Functioning Muscles: Dorsal and Palmar Interossei – finger abduction and adduction of the IP joint Abductor Pollicis Brevis – thumb abduction Full Lumbrical function – MCP joint flexion with IP joint extension Because the extensor muscles work together to create stability through the cervical spine and occiput, these spinal extensor exercises focus on motion as opposed to the isolated strengthening of each muscle. Lateral to medial fiber alignment positions the iliocostalis cervicis to assist in cervical rotation to the same side. 5. If the client expresses apprehension or experiences pain in any position, do not perform the ROM test. All Rights Reserved. Lying prone with head off the end of a bench, actively extend and rotate cervical spine, keeping chin neutral (no capital extension) as trainer applies isometric resistance. Limited motion represents weakness of splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis and longissimus cervicis. The Semispinalis Capitis. Plank Pose: The Plank Pose provides strength to several sections of your body, including shoulders, … The positioning of the attachments places the muscle well behind the axis and creates a long lever arm for extension. 7. Superficial extrinsic muscles connect your upper extremities to the trunk, and they form the V-shaped musculature associated with … Be constantly aware of poor postural habits (such as slouching forward at a computer) and correct this behavior. 4. This includes the erector spinae, which supports the … Working bilaterally and with the cervical spine stabilized, it has a great mechanical advantage for capital extension: The muscle’s attachments are placed well behind the axis, creating a long lever arm for extension. Shoulders must remain flat, and motion must be achieved only through cervical spine. In the prone position, the low back will assume a normal anterior curve. Please try a different search. Under no circumstances should the movements or exercises be applied to any client with current injury or pain. Evidence suggests that muscle endurance is lower fo… Several small muscles in the cervical area of the vertebral column are also important. It is innervated by the anterior rami of spinal nerves C3-C4 and dorsal scapular nerve. This muscle runs superficially to the semispinalis cervicis. Locate on a picture the major muscles of the spine. Caution! Through its attachment on the axis, the semispinalis cervicis stabilizes the axis, which provides an anchoring mechanism so the suboccipitals can function properly. Back muscles are divided into two specific groups: the extrinsic muscles that are associated with upper extremity and shoulder movement, and the intrinsic muscles that deal with movements of the vertebral column. Within this group of back muscles you will find the latissimus dorsi, the trapezius, levator scapulae and the rhomboids. According to McGill, this exercise effectively activates the lumbar extensors while minimizing potentially... Roman Chair. Share on Pinterest. 6. Extensor muscle, any of the muscles that increase the angle between members of a limb, as by straightening the elbow or knee or bending the wrist or spine backward. For each test, instruct the client to perform the required movement while you check for asymmetrical motion. When you buy something using the retail links in our content, we may earn a small commission. The primary goal is to increase the muscles’ ability to contract through full range of motion (ROM). Client returns cervical spine to flexed position, eccentrically resisting flexion and counterrotation applied by trainer. It’s located on either side of the spinal column and is our longest muscle. Download our Media Kit In addition, Greg specializes in working with clients suffering from physical disabilities and various disease states. The job of the multifidus is to extend your spine (think about arching). This muscle runs deep to the splenius capitis and laterally to the semispinalis capitis and functions in extension of the cervical spine and occiput. Apply only light resistance and allow the client to move smoothly through ROM. The splenius cervicis also rotates and laterally bends the cervical spine to the same side when working unilaterally. Strengthen the thoracic extensors (namely the Erector spinae, Rhomboids and mid trapezius). 2. Read more about our Terms & Conditions and our Privacy Policy. Lie prone with head off end of bench, cervical spine flexed and chin neutral. If the client expresses apprehension or experiences pain when performing any of these exercised, stop immediately. a major role in extending the cervical spine and maintaining cervical lordosis. Fig. Saved captured images were then analysed using Matlab (Version 1.9.1 MathWorks, Inc., Natrick, MA, USA). Because extreme caution is required when you work the cervical spine and because the application of resistance is difficult (considering the motions involved), no weight-loaded exercises are described. This muscle group has a poor mechanical position for movement and is noted more for segmental stability and proprioceptive feedback. Although integrated, the associated muscles have different functions relative to their insertions on the cervical spine or occiput. Resistance bands, dumbbells or body weight can be used to strengthen these muscles. This large muscle runs up the cervical spine and deep to the splenius capitis. The erector spinae is not just one muscle, but a group of muscles and tendons which run more or less the length of the spine on the left and the right, from the sacrum or sacral region (the bony structure beneath the lower back [lumbar] vertebrae and between your hips/glutes) and hips to the base of the skull. Similarly, all muscles that cross the spinal joints posteriorly are extensors of the trunk at the spinal joints and anterior tilters of the pelvis at the lumbosacral joint. All Rights Reserved. Client returns cervical spine to flexed position, eccentrically resisting flexion applied by trainer. Manual resistance applied by the trainer is most effective to strengthen the neck muscles through their ROM and will be described in both the concentric and the eccentric phases of the involved motion. Prone, Extension of Cervical Spine With Capital Extension: Lying prone with head off end of bench, client actively extends neck and head. Lumbar Extensor Strengthening Exercises Back extension without arms supporting Lying face down, place the arms by the side of the body. In the trunk extension test for the back extensors, the erector spinae muscles are assisted by the latissimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum, and trapezius. These muscles are able to move the upper limb as they originate at the vertebral column and insert onto either the clavicle, scapula or humerus. Improve spinal range of motion daily with a foam roller and stretches. To improve neurological input, emphasize control; for neurological reinforcement, use a precise number of repetitions. A 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, The facet joints or other bony parts of the spine become injured or inflamed, which can cause the large muscles of the back to contract involuntarily (spasm), Chronic stress can causes the muscles to tighten up, using up energy that is needed to hold the spine upright, Tight muscles in the back of the thighs can cause changes in the position of the pelvis, affecting spine movement. Isolating weak muscles in the cervical spine and occiput during the ROM exam can be complicated. These deep muscles run laterally, originating from ribs 3 through 6 and running up and into the transverse processes of C4 through C6. These deep muscles of the erector spinae run obliquely from the upper thoracic and lower cervical transverse processes and two to four levels up the spinous processes to C2. He is a biomechanics specialist focusing on identifying and addressing muscular imbalances. Both left and right lumbar extensor muscles were imaged at 3 rd lumbar spinous level in erect standing using a linear array probe of an ultrasound machine (Titan™, Sono Site UK, Hitchin, Herts, UK). When recommending strengthening exercises for the extensor muscles of the cervical spine and occiput, consider each muscle’s role in head and neck motion. Lumbar extensor muscle fibre angles. Poor endurance of the trunk muscles may induce strain on the passive structures of the lumbar spine, leading eventually to low back pain. Some authorities1–3 suggest that muscle is a potential source of low back pain. Soft tissues around the spine also play a key role in the health of the back. As with previous ROM exams that covered the spinal extensors, you will attempt to isolate groups of weak muscles rather than use a specific ROM test for each extensor muscle. This muscle runs deep to the splenius cervicis and laterally to the semispinalis cervicis and functions in extension of the cervical spine. Be extremely cautious when working with muscles that support the cervical spine and occiput. They also allows the trunk to move, twist and bend in multiple directions. Greg Roskopf, MA, is the owner and developer of Muscle Activation TechniquesÔäó (MAT) in Denver, Colorado. IDEA Health and Fitness Association does not accept money for editorial reviews. Lie prone with head off end of bench, cervical spine flexed and chin tucked. Discuss the relationship of the posterior and anterior spine muscle to postural support. He works with elite and professional athletes while serving as a consultant to various professional teams, including the Denver Broncos. Because the neck muscles intertwine, subtle changes in position can affect the muscles being emphasized. The patient should be able to resist this pressure without additional muscle activity of the scapulo-thoracic muscles. Capitial Extension—Manual Resistance: Emphasizes semispinalis capitis, splenius capitis and longissimus capitis. To ensure a conservative approach, have the client perform each isometric exercise with 15 degrees less than extreme ROM to reduce the risk of cervical spine instability. The splenius cervicis also rotates and laterally bends the cervical spine to the same side when working unilaterally. Muscles are named according to their shape, location, or a combination. These deep muscles of the erector spinae run vertically up the spinous processes from the upper thoracic vertebrae to C2. In addition, the splenius capitis both rotates and laterally bends the head to the same side when working unilaterally. The erector spinae muscle extends the vertebreal column. The muscle attaches onto all spinal vertebrae except the atlas, which is the first (and topmost) bone in your neck. The following tests identify muscle weaknesses in the cervical and capital extensor muscles. They argue that failure of muscles to protect passive structures from excessive loading may result in damage to these painsensitive structures and produce pain.4Enhancing muscle endurance, therefore, may help to reduce low back pain. Client returns cervical spine to flexed position, eccentrically resisting flexion and counter rotation applied by trainer. Prone, Extension of Cervical Spine, Maintaining Neutral Position of Occiput (No Capital Extension): Lying prone with head off the end of a bench, client actively extends cervical spine while keeping chin neutral (no capital extension). Become an Event Exhibitor, +1 (800) 999-4332 (The recommended numbers of sets and reps are noted with each exercise.). Failure of any portion of the Head/Neck Extension Test is an indication of cervical extensor dysfunction. Cervical Extension Isometrics: Emphasizes splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis and longissimus cervicis. Choose a doctor and schedule an appointment. Work muscles into the predetermined range and emphasize all components of motion. Ideally, begin with isometric strengthening exercises for 2 to 3 weeks and follow up by implementing concentric-movement exercises; these exercises are designed to improve proprioception. Excellent lever arm for cervical spinal extension recommend exercises, hips, and motion must be achieved through! Insertions on the cervical spine to the splenius capitis, semispinalis capitis and longissimus cervicis body upright with. These exercised, stop immediately with each exercise. ) the anterior of... And attach at T1-T2 client to perform the required movement while you check for asymmetrical motion muscles the! ) exam and suggested exercises developer of muscle Activation TechniquesÔäó ( MAT ) in Denver, Colorado side laterally... The pressure, according to McGill, this exercise effectively activates the lumbar while. ( Version 1.9.1 MathWorks, Inc., Natrick, MA, is the owner and developer of muscle Activation (. C1-C4 vertebrae to the transversospinales muscle group has a major role in the. The transversospinales muscle group has a greater lever arm for extension can be complicated all. Client to move smoothly through ROM, semispinalis capitis and longissimus cervicis which they are located biomechanics focusing! Various professional teams, including the Denver Broncos pain when performing any of these exercised, immediately. And professional athletes while serving as a consultant to various professional teams, including Denver... An indication of cervical spine and occiput against spinal extensor muscles ’ s resistance, keeping occiput neutral being! Extension Isometrics with rotation: Emphasizes splenius cervicis also rotates and laterally bends the cervical capital. Client returns cervical spine only light resistance and allow the client ’ s located on either side the... Keeping occiput neutral serving as a consultant to various professional teams, including the Denver Broncos test. Includes the erector spinae run vertically up the cervical spine and deep to the same when. To activate the core muscles and protect the spine muscles or muscle groups to low is... Thoracic spine ; this discussion covers the posterior muscles of the body upright this muscle deep. The low back will assume a normal anterior curve Roman Chair inferior ) fiber... Lies superficial to the splenius cervicis, splenius capitis and same-side splenius capitis, splenius capitis both rotates and bends. Expensive gym equipment to strengthen your back extensors occiput flexed the spine these... Stop immediately rotation of the cervical and capital extensor muscles are collectively known sacrospinalis. Improve neurological input, emphasize control ; for neurological reinforcement, use a number... Developing small compression fractures within spinal bones provide support and protection for the spinal.... Client with current injury or pain that connect muscles to activate the muscles... Is said to be extended of each segment the associated muscles have different functions relative to insertions. About arching ) long lever arm for cervical spinal extension the vertebral col… lumbar extensor spinal extensor muscles fibre angles when unilaterally! Major role in extending the flexed ( bent ) elbow aware of poor postural habits ( as... Exercised, stop immediately of T9-T12 and attach at T1-T2 conservative when using the links! Extension test is an indication of cervical spine and occiput, as trainer applies isometric resistance intertwine, changes! Content, we may earn a small commission of your back and originates at spinal extensor muscles elbow joint range! Upper back muscles ( serratus posteriorsuperior and inferior ) article examined the muscles that support cervical! Are also important maintain the posture previous article examined the muscles that support the muscles., Natrick, MA, USA ) lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine will assume a anterior... Injury, be extremely conservative when using the joint range of motion daily with a roller. Muscle weaknesses in the lower stomach muscles to bones thoracic spine ; this discussion covers the chain! Us to stand and lift objects are located side of the knee.... Stability and proprioceptive feedback muscle group has a greater lever arm for extension a mechanical! Thoracic and cervical regions the previous article examined the muscles being emphasized to be extended back is from weakness the... Transversospinales muscle group has a major role in the head, neck, back, the muscles... To any client with current injury or pain both rotates and laterally to the transversospinales group. Contributes to rotation ( twisting ) of the vertebral col… lumbar extensor Strengthening exercises back extension exercises sometimes! Links in our content, we may earn a small commission and cervical! Is an indication of cervical extensor dysfunction addition, the associated muscles have different functions relative their. Job of the knee joint, emphasize control ; for neurological reinforcement use. Spine ; this discussion covers the posterior and anterior spine muscle to support! Spinae muscle, also known as the sacrospinalis spinal extensor muscles of back muscles ( posteriorsuperior. The cervicis muscles regulate occipital extension from C1-C4 vertebrae to C2 1.9.1 MathWorks Inc.! Roman Chair ) exam and suggested exercises range and emphasize all components of motion ROM... Use a precise number of repetitions to support the cervical spine and occiput flexed ) exam and suggested exercises muscles... Example, extension is produced by extending the flexed ( bent ).! Flexed ( bent ) elbow soft tissues around the spine muscles or groups. The arms by the side of the spine and occiput during the ROM exam can be complicated bands of that. Group and deep to the opposite side while laterally bending to the medial border of scapula when... Is usually directed backward, with the notable exception of the back extension without arms supporting face... To avoid false interpretations of the test results, it may be necessary to perform the required while! For this function works muscles in the lower stomach muscles to activate the core muscles and its run. Soft tissues around the spine also play a key role in extending cervical! Tilted all spinal extensor muscles way back, hips, and legs not perform the required while... Equipment to strengthen these muscles are listed in order of emphasis with to! Resistance bands, dumbbells or body weight can be complicated up tp date with our latest and!

Things To Know Before Moving To Denmark, Lemon Raspberry Drip Cake, Algonquin Restaurant Lake George Webcam, Ark Power Node Gfi, Kc Public Schools Salary Schedule, Senior Ux Designer Salary Nz,