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The design incorporates the national emblems, with a fleur-de-lis topped by a royal sun between two Gallic roosters (the Latin word for rooster was gallus). The Hall and the two Salons were identically furnished and decorated and form a stylistic and functional unit. The wall adjacent to the Apollo Room bears an oval stucco bas-relief depicting Louis XIV on horseback trampling his enemies. France's kings were first attracted to Versailles because of the area's prolific game. The Hall of Mirrors has seen emperors proclai… The gilded bronze capitals of the Rouge de Rance marble pilasters are decorated with the Fleur-de-lis and Gallic roosters. The walls are covered with marble panels decorated with six trophies and weapons in gilded bronze. A contemporary anecdote: the mirror surface furnishings of such large areas as the seventeen arches has been the idea of architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart, who wanted to prevent Le Brun from having even more opportunities to impress Louis with his work. Rarely has the show of power reached such a level of ostentation. The gilded bronze trophies, that adorn the green marble Pier glasses, were manufactured by goldsmith Pierre Ladoyreau. When required, the partition separating the room from the Hall of Mirrors was removed and the room formed part of the King's State Apartment. The installation of any kind of fireplaces was never contemplated as the Hall of Mirrors was too large to effectively be heated. This was the manner in which nobles were able to obtain a much sought-after invitation to one of the king's house parties at Marly-le-Roi, a villa Louis XIV had built north of Versailles on the route to Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Artistic success is shown by the Rouge de Rance pilasters topped with capitals of gilded bronze based on a new design, which was referred to as “the French style” and was created by Le Brun upon the request of Colbert. [8] With its height of 12.30 m (40.4 ft) it reaches to the Attic floor of the Corps de Logis. Following on from the victory over the three united powers, depicted in the War Room, the whole length of the Hall of Mirrors (73m) pays tribute to the political, economic and artistic success of France. The app includes the audioguide tour of the Palace and an interactive map of the Estate. The Hall of Mirrors in the palace of Versailles, France (French: Grande Galerie or Galerie des Glaces) was constructed on what was once a terrace designed by Le Vau. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°48′17.4″N 2°7′13.2″E / 48.804833°N 2.120333°E / 48.804833; 2.120333, Grand central gallery in the Palace of Versailles, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, The Siamese Embassy. After he became King in 1610, Louis XIII returned to the village, bought some land, and in 1623-24 built a modest two-story hunting lodge on the site of the current mar… According to which rooms are open, you will finish this circuit of the State Apartments by visiting either the Queen’s Apartment or the King’s apartment. The fourth arch depicts Bellona, the goddess of war, in a rage of fury between Rebellion and Contention. The terrace originally stood between the King’s Apartments to the north and the Queen’s to the south, but was awkward and above all exposed to bad weather, and it was not long before the decision was made to demolish it. The terrace was considered to be a rather misplaced architectural element and exposed to the elements, reducing its utility. During the early expansion phase Louis Le Vau added the Forecourt (1662) and the “Le Vau Envelope” (1668 to 1670), encased the old château and added two new wings in the north and south. The Hall of Mirrors is located on the first floor of the Palace and is part of the self-guided tour of the Grand Apartments. Foreign audiences were granted, including that of the Doge of Genoa in 1685 and the embassy of King Mahmud I of Turkey in 1742. Depiction of the Siamese embassy in Versailles, in a 1687 French almanac. Here, however, Le Brun decorated the cupola and arches on the themes of the benefits of peace brought to Europe by France. The exterior walls of the Salons date from the time of Le Vau's encasings of the old château and were given their current appearance after the installation of the Mirror Hall by Hardouin-Mansart. Le Vau’s successor, Jules Hardouin-Mansart, produced a more suitable design that replaced the terrace with a large gallery. Out of the 700 rooms inside the Palace of Versailles, the Hall of Mirrors is the grandest of them all! … It was constructed during King Louis XVI. 73 metres long and 10.50 metres high, the king walked along it every day to get to the Queen's Apartments and the Royal Chapel. The painting The King Governs Himself highlights the claim to absolute power. Her shield is decorated with a portrait of Louis XIV. Since then, presidents of the Republic have continued to receive official guests here. Palace of Versailles: Hall of Mirrors - See 26,237 traveler reviews, 33,475 candid photos, and great deals for Versailles, France, at Tripadvisor. Work started in 1678 and ended in 1684. The choice fell among other things like Versailles being the headquarters of the united German armies, on the Hall of Mirrors because its ceiling paintings glorified the conquest of German territories by France. Visit the Hall of Mirrors and Versailles Palace in the morning, on weekdays and off season to avoid the crowd as much as possible. Virtual tour of the Hall of Mirors at The Palace of Versailles in 3D. Versailles Palace and Gardens Tour by Train from Paris with Skip-the-Line (From $102.14) Golden Versailles Palace and Garden Tour (From $112.61) Day Bike Tour of Versailles from Paris (From $121.98) Small Group Versailles Palace, Gardens & Fountains, Hamlet, Day Trip Guided Tour (From $313.04) See all The Hall of Mirrors experiences on Tripadvisor In the heart of the Palace of Versailles – itself one of the grandest buildings ever built by man – is a room which captures the awe of all who see it. Courtiers assembled to meet the king and members of the royal family and might make a particular request by intoning: "Sire, Marly?". 1680 by Charles Le Brun, (1619–1690). His son, the future Louis XIII, came on his own hunting trip there in 1607. The Hall is decorated with marble. It was used for ceremonies on rare occasions, for example when sovereigns wanted an extra dash of lavishness for entertainment (balls or games) held for royal weddings or diplomatic receptions. Lucky visitors can attend marvelous evening concerts in Versailles Palace. [3], The Hall of Mirrors was built during the third building stage between 1678 and 1684 and was to replace the large terrace, that opened towards the garden. Louis XIII, who lived 1601-1643, bought up land, built a chateau and went on hunting trips. Mirror glass was an expensive luxury product in the 17th century and could only be produced with great effort. The manufacture of the mirror surfaces was the first major order for the Manufacture royale de glaces de miroirs, a glass factory founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the later Compagnie de Saint-Gobain, with which the Venetian monopoly on the manufacture of mirrors in Europe was broken.[11][12]. The Hall of Mirrors, the most famous room in the Palace, was built to replace a large terrace designed by the architect Louis Le Vau, which opened onto the garden. It was used for ceremonies on rare occasions, for example when sovereigns wanted an extra dash of lavishness for entertainment (balls or games) held for royal weddings or diplomatic receptions. (previous page) () The Hall of Mirrors is also famous for being the site where several important historical events have taken place, one of them being the Proclamation of the German Empire in 1871, after the German states had defeated France in the Franco-Prussian War, and another the signing of the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I, in 1919. More than forty years after its last major restoration, the Royal Chapel is requiring an urgent intervention on the roof timbers, the roof and decorative lead work, the statues and the window frames and stained glass. Media related to Hall of Mirrors (Palace of Versailles) at Wikimedia Commons Jun 28, 2019 - Explore Vishmi Jayasooriya's board "Versailles hall of mirrors" on Pinterest. The room is… [6][7], The Hall of Mirrors is—besides the Palace Chapel, completed in the early 18th century, the Court Opera and the Galerie des Batailles—one of the largest rooms in the palace. The Hall of Mirrors enshrines the military, economic and artistic success of France under Louis XIV. Courtiers and visitors crossed the Hall of Mirrors daily, and it also served as a place for waiting and meeting. The most prestigious scenes were painted on strengthened canvas and glued to the vault by Le Brun himself, aged 60 at the start of the work. It is possible to reach the Estate of Trianon from the city of Versailles or from the Palace and its gardens. King Henry IV went hunting there in 1589, and returned in 1604 and 1609, staying in the village inn. The French nation regarded this ceremony as deeply humiliating. Le Vau’s successor, Jules Hardouin-Mansart, produced a more suitable design that replaced the terrace with a large gallery, beginning in 1678 and completed in 1684. 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